Collage – from the French word coller, to glue – is a technique of art production, primarily used in the visual arts where the artwork is made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole.
A collage may sometimes include newspaper and magazine clippings, bits of coloured or handmade papers, portions of other artwork or texts, photographs and other found objects, glued to a piece of paper or canvas. The origins of collage can be traced back hundreds of years, but this technique made a dramatic reappearance in the early 20th century as an art form of novelty.
The term “collage” was coined by both Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso at the beginning of the 20th century when collage became a distinctive part of modern art.
According to the Guggenheim Museum‘s online art glossary, collage is an artistic concept associated with the beginnings of modernism, and entails much more than the idea of gluing something onto something else. The glued-on patches which Braque and Picasso added to their canvases offered a new perspective on painting when the patches “collided with the surface plane of the painting.” Furthermore, these chopped-up bits of newspaper introduced fragments of externally referenced meaning into the collision… the juxtaposition of signifiers, “at once serious and tongue-in-cheek,” was fundamental to the inspiration behind collage – “Emphasizing concept and process over end product, collage has brought the incongruous into meaningful congress with the ordinary.” – Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collage
And so after a productive month in the studio I thought it time to tidy-up the scattered newspapers and posters (out-of-date street advertising posters) I use as floor protection against paint spills and splashes. But, the more I looked at some areas of accidental spills and splashes the more I thought they could be used in some form of assemblage… or collage.
After much selecting, measuring, tearing and overlaying, I mixed a small bowl of wallpaper paste and carefully glued the three strips to an 80 x 60 cms stretched canvas. I then weighed the covered canvas down on each corner with my hand-exercise weights to make sure the wooden frame stayed true and flat whilst drying. By tomorrow I will know whether or not, or perhaps what, to add to the assemblage.
The finished artwork will be for sale at Saatchi Art in 24-hours…
Image © 2014 Ed Buziak